Determination of the features of the course of pregnancy and childbirth, the condition of the fetus and newborn in pregnant women after the application of assisted reproductive technologies (data from a retrospective analysis)




pregnancy, assisted reproductive technologies, fetal condition, pregnancy complications, newborn’s condition, women


The rapid growth in the number of infertile couples leads to the development of assisted reproductive technologies (ART). Among the most common forms of infertility are tubo-peritoneal, endocrine, and caused by the male factor, and prevention of pregnancy complications caused by ART treatment cycles becomes one of the main tasks of practicing clinicians.

Purpose - to determine the features of the course of pregnancy and childbirth; to assess the condition of the fetus and newborn in pregnant women after the application of ART to improve the perinatal outcomes of pregnancy and childbirth.

Materials and methods. A retrospective clinical and statistical analysis of 334 histories of pregnancy and childbirth of women, as well as medical records of newborns from women, was conducted over the past five years, which formed the ART group - 221 history of pregnancy and childbirth, and the group of spontaneous pregnancy - 113 history of pregnancy and childbirth.

Results. The structure of the subjects was statistically significant dominated by pregnant women over the age of 35 years and pregnant women in late reproductive age. The main characteristics of women after the ART application were a statistically significant predominance of somatic and gynecological pathology. The structure of pregnancy complications in women after ART application was dominated by threatening late spontaneous miscarriages, isthmic-cervical insufficiency and vaginitis, and in the structure of labor complications - anomalies of labor activity and premature rupture of fetal membranes. Among newborns from women in the ART group, perinatal mortality was 18.0%.

Conclusions. The revealed features of somatic and gynecological anamnesis, as well as aspects of the course of pregnancy and childbirth and the condition of newborns in women after ART application are the basis for an in-depth examination of this category of pregnant women in order to improve approaches to predicting, diagnosing and optimizing preventive measures, as well as to improve the perinatal consequences of pregnancy and childbirth.

The research was carried out in accordance with the principles of the Helsinki Declaration. The study protocol was approved by the Local Ethics Committee of the participating institution.

No conflict of interests was declared by the authors.


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